Cygnus, genus swans, are birds of the family Anatidae. Swans are revered in Hinduism, and are compared to saintly persons whose chief characteristic is to be in the world without getting attached to it, just as a swan’s feather does not get wet although it is in water. The Sanskrit word for swan is hamsa or hansa, and the “Raja Hansa” or the Royal Swan is the vehicle of Goddess Saraswati, and symbolises the “Sattwa Guna” or purity par excellence. The swan if offered a mixture of milk and water, is said to be able to drink the milk alone. Therefore Goddess Saraswati the goddess of knowledge is seen riding the swan because the swan thus symbolizes “Viveka” i.e. prudence and discrimination between the good and the bad or between the eternal and the transient. This is taken as a great quality.
It is mentioned several times in the Vedic literature, and persons who have attained great spiritual capabilities are sometimes called Paramahamsa (“Great Swan”) on account of their spiritual grace and ability to travel between various spiritual worlds. In the Vedas, swans are said to reside in the summer on Lake Mansarovar and migrate to Indian lakes for the winter. They’re believed to possess some powers such as the ability to eat pearls.
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Cygnus High World School
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